Types of Valvular Disease

When your heart’s valves do not work the way they should then you have a heart valve disease. There are several types of valvular disease your cardiologist can detect so you can begin treatment. Some patients must undergo surgery in order to correct a valvular disease but this will be discussed with your doctor in order to determine if it is the best choice for you.

Valvular Stenosis


If you have a valve opening that is smaller than usual because of stiff or fused leaflets, your heart is having to work harder in order to pump blood through the smaller opening. This can lead to heart failure and other symptoms. You may have only one valve that has hardened with restricted blood flow or up to all four valves that are stenotic.

Valvular Insufficiency


Valvular insufficiency, also called regurgitation, leaky valve, or incompetence, occurs when a valve does not tightly close. Without this seal on the valve, some blood will leak backwards, making the heart have to work harder in order to make up for the leaky valve.

Causes of Valvular Disease


Valvular disease can occur at any time during a person’s lifetime. Some develop valvular disease before birth. Not all cases of valvular disease has a known cause.

If you have developed an acquired valve disease, it means that the problem developed from valves that once worked normally. There are multiple diseases or infections that can cause valvular disease, including endocarditis or rheumatic fever.

You may also develop valvular disease if your:

  • Annulus of your valve dilates, or widens
  • Chordae tendineae or papillary muscles stretch or tear
  • Valve leaflets become stiff and calcified


MVP, or mitral valve prolapse is a common condition that causes the leaflets of the mitral valve to over to the left atrium when the heart contracts. Since this condition rarely causes symptoms you will probably not have to undergo treatment.

Treatment for Valvular Disease


The type of treatment you will take part in varies based on the severity of your symptoms and the type of valvular disease you have. The main goals for treating valvular disease is to prevent further damage, reducing the symptoms you experience, and repairing or replacing the valves.

You may be given medications in order to treat your valvular disease. Medications can help reduce your symptoms and prevent further damage on your valves. When you get back the results from your diagnostic tests your cardiologist will perform, this can help you decide along with your heart doctor if you need to undergo surgery for a heart valve surgical procedure. This surgery will either replace or repair your heart valve(s).

Accredited Labs

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Gulf Coast Heart Clinics are equipped with advanced technologies and equipments. The Echo & Nuclear Cardiology Laboratories are accredited by the Intersocietal Accreditation Commission (ICA)

Office Procedures

Dr. Huang has rich experience in the diagnosis and management of the most complex cardiovascular issues. These include but not limited to:
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Chest pain/Chest discomfort
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol

League City Location

Located at 501 Gulf Freeway South, Suite 106, League City, TX 77573.

Phone: (281) 534-8600

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Houston Location

Located at 9600 Bellaire Blvd, Suite 202, Houston, TX 77036.

Phone: (713) 771-6969  Fax: (713) 270-6969 

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